There are a few different costs associated with a home purchase, so I’ll outline each of them below.
Deposit. Buyers are expected to put down a deposit, which is usually 5% of the purchase price. This deposit becomes part of your down payment. It’s good to note that money saved for a down payment needs to be liquid and paid out within 24 hours of an accepted offer. Your down payment is something to determine with a mortgage broker to ensure you’re putting down only what you can comfortably afford.
Mortgage Insurance. If you want to buy a home with a down payment of less than 20% of the purchase price, you’ll need mortgage loan insurance provided by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). This protects your lender in case you can’t make your mortgage payments. The CMHC mortgage loans allow you to get a mortgage for up to 95% of the purchase price for homes under $1,000,000. This insurance also ensures you’ll get a reasonable interest rate, despite the size of your down payment. Your lender will pay a loan insurance premium, which is calculated as a percentage of the mortgage and depends on how much you put down. This cost will likely be passed on to you and it can be paid in a lump sum or added into your mortgage payments.
Home Inspections. Home inspections provide a great opportunity for buyers to identify any major issues with a home prior to closing and costs vary from $400 and up. This fee is due immoderately after inspection of a home.
Land Transfer Tax. When you buy property in Ontario, you are subject to land transfer tax (LTT) which is due upon closing. The LTT is a marginal tax that is based upon the purchase price of your home. These unique rates also vary depending on where you live in Ontario. If you buy a home outside of Toronto, you only pay the provincial tax. If you buy a home in Toronto, you pay both the provincial and municipal taxes.
Legal Fees. When buying a home, you will need a real estate lawyer to protect your best interests and help navigate you through the tough legal jargon. Your lawyer will provide a number of services like reviewing all legal documents, ensuring property taxes are up-to-date, purchasing title insurance, and calculating the land transfer tax. Legal fees usually start at $1,200 and are due upon closing.
HST. When purchasing a newly constructed home, you will pay 13% (HST) of the sale price. Sometimes the HST is included in the price.
Prepaid Expenses. Lastly, there are prepaid expenses to consider. The seller might have prepaid property taxes, utility bills or condo fees before you take ownership of the property. You will need to reimburse the seller for these costs from the closing date forward.